Friday, 31 July 2020

Financial Markets @ July 2020

Market is scaling every day. Investors are after Reliance. On the other side of the coin i.e. apart from 15/16 stocks there is no significant movement about other nifty stocks, forget about Mid Cap and Small Cap.
There is lesson to be learnt from history here…, in 1990s, the Imperial Palace in Tokyo of the Japanese Emperor was worth more than all combined real estate in California. It told you that Japanese real estate was extremely overvalued. Similarly, in 1999, Infosys NSE 0.47 % was worth more than the entire market cap of the cement and steel sector in 1999. Wipro NSE -1.11 % was worth more than the market cap of the entire cement and steel sector. In 2007, DLF was worth more than the market cap of the entire pharma sector. Today, for example, FANGMAN stocks (Facebook, Apple, Google, NVIDIA, Microsoft, Amazon and Netflix) are worth more than the GDP of different countries, put together. We all know what happened next. Markets would be behaving in unexpected way going forward for at least another two quarters.
Asset allocation should be the mantra including debt and Gold. The gap between the yield to maturity of credit funds and the repo, reverse repo rate of the Indian market is at its highest. This indicates that credit risk funds are at their lowest valuation making it one of the most interesting categories to invest in lump sum for the long term.

The generic SIP is all season investment vehicle should be pursued very strongly segregating between different class of asset depending upon the investment horizon and risk appetite.

Happy Investing!

Tuesday, 30 June 2020

Financial Market @ June 2020

“What is the price related to what value we are getting in the market?
Assuming there are no further big shocks and we return to normalcy in the year, then I think the price we are paying is a very good one for the value we are getting.
And why do I say this? It is true that FY21, the current fiscal Indian economy is likely to contract. But, I think we will recover equally fast in Fiscal ’22, because most of the negative growth in the current year is a result of the loss of economic activity for the period of lockdown and assuming normalcy returns that should not be there.
I think interest rates globally and in India are extremely low. Low oil prices work to our advantage. And, we have seen in the past that good reforms or many reforms are carried out in such situations when you are pushed against the wall.
We do expect some more reforms. And, I think the long term drivers of growth in India are intact. And, bear in mind that one year of disruption in the economy or to a profitable business, it does very little damage. The damage could be may be five odd percent damage to the intrinsic value of a business.
If we look at India's current market-cap to GDP or price to book value, it is now near all-time lows. And, what we have experienced in the past whenever India's market cap to GDP has fallen below 60%, which is where we are roughly at current levels. The next three five year returns have been extremely strong.
What has also been experienced is the best entry points in Indian markets have been provided around periods where FIIs were large sellers.
In fact, on every such occasion or whenever over a three month period FII selling was large, just around those times your returns were quite decent.
That is also an interesting data point because we have seen very high levels of for selling by foreigners in the last few months, so net-net, I feel the risk-reward that the market offers at this stage is actually quite favorable.”
Above is what Mr. Prashant Jain (ED & CIO) has to answer so summaries all the questions in our mind in the prevailing market and geopolitical scenario…

A Guiding Force - going forward…

Friday, 29 May 2020

Financial Markets @ May 2020

In last two months global market were impacted by the news flow around Coronavirus as cases spread beyond China to other parts of the world.
The Global market seems to be witnessing some sense of stability following the massive liquidity infusion by govt. and central banks in the global economies.
The Economic implications of the virus are expected to be significant. It can be safely assumed that several countries will face a deep and long recession. The Euro zone is expected to be severely impacted, followed by US. Asia will also be impacted; however the data from China is not so negative.
The standoff between the major oil producing nations, Russia & Saudi Arabia has resulted in Oil prices crashing to multi years low, however a tentative agreement has been recently reached.
The World GDP growth likely is negative in 2020. IMF expects the world GDP to shrink by 3% in 2020 with advance economies expected to shrink by 6.1%.
Sectors such as airlines travel and tourism, Hotels, retails and Automobiles are amongst the sector likely to be most impacted.
The Banking system is expected to see a rise and stress on their portfolios – both retail and corporate (especially MSME). Over the medium term, lower Oil and Commodities Prices, and low interest rates are a positive for an Indian Economy.
In the current volatility, valuation of many companies (across the market cap spectrum) has become reasons making equity more attractive.

Stay Safe Stay Protective

Monday, 10 February 2020

Budget 2020

The Union Budget for 2020-21 had a difficult backdrop – slowing growth with both consumption and investments moderating, weak global trade growth adversely impacting exports, falling household savings, subdued returns of equities, rising remittances under LRS (Liberalised Remittance Scheme) and limited headroom with government to provide fiscal stimulus. Given this backdrop, in our opinion, government has done a remarkable job with FY21 budget.

Budget 2020 was more of Subjective values than that of Quantitative

The initial adverse reaction of equity markets was probably a result of heightened expectations, rather than anything negative in the budget.A careful study of the past budgets / policy actions / views expressed by various government leaders suggests 6 key themes / objectives that are being pursued by this government. These are:

1. Simplification & moderation of taxes and improvement in ease of doing business
2. A large scale up of Infrastructure spends facilitated by long term foreign capital
3. Promoting “Make in India” for employment generation and reducing current account deficit
4. Fiscal discipline
5. Social development covering health, education, sanitation etc.
6. Improving internal and external national security The Union Budget for 2020-21 fits in nicely with the aforesaid strategic themes.

Impact of Budget on Mutual Fund Investors…

1. New tax regime: A positive for mutual fund investments
Budget 2020 introduced a new tax system effective from FY20-21 wherein taxpayers can benefit from lower slab rates by forgoing a majority of tax-deduction benefits to lower their tax burden. Taxpayers will also have the option to continue with the existing tax system. However, the new tax regime would allow taxpayers to invest freely in instruments of their choice without having to worry about tax-saving pressures, and they can explore mutual fund products that don’t necessarily save taxes

2. TDS on mutual fund gains: A negative for mutual fund investments

Budget 2020 has proposed to introduce Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) at 10% on the dividend income above Rs 5000 before it is distributed to the investors. So, if the investor falls in higher tax slab, they would now adjust the TDS payment from their tax obligation while filing the tax returns, whereas if the investor falls in a lower tax slab, they may be required to claim the TDS refund by filing their tax returns, which is an inconvenience. Dividend-generating investments are normally suited to older investors.

3. DDT in the hand of mutual fund investors: A mixed impact

In the existing system, the dividend on equity mutual funds and debt funds is taxed at 11.65% and 29.12%, respectively, while distributing it to the shareholders. However, in Budget 2020, it has been proposed to levy DDT in the hands of the mutual fund investors as per their applicable tax rate. So, for example, if the investor falls in the 30% tax bracket, they will pay tax on the dividend at a 30% rate. So, when the DDT becomes applicable in the hands of investors, those in higher tax brackets will pay more in taxes.
Markets going Forward
As legendary investor Warren Buffet said “Interest rates are like gravity in valuation. If interest rates are nothing, values can be almost infinite. If interest rates are extremely high, that’s a huge gravitational pull on value”.
One characteristic of current market is the sharp polarisation in valuations across sectors. While near to medium term forecasting is challenging, past experience suggests that sectors with good returns in the past, mostly delivers moderate returns in the future and vice versa.
Happy Investing

Thursday, 2 January 2020

Financial Markets @ January 2020

India’s economy is expected to rebound in 2020 as per the Confederation of Indian Industry. CII further added that this is due to the measures taken by the Govt. of India and the RBI coupled with easing of global trade tensions. The fiscal policy will set a Central Govt. target for the deficit in the range of around 0.5 to .75%.
There are nascent sign of Indian Economy( on account of improved PMIs of manufacturing and services, jump in passenger air traffic, sharp moderation in decline of sale of passenger cars, e.t.c.) on better footage than what it was in the year gone by. With the proactive measures taken by Govt. in tandem with RBI will overcome the slowdown and a gradual recovery will be in place.
Though worse is yet not behind us, we may see some sharp decline in valuations at stock market within the last two months of this financial year.
Going forward:
Equity Market: While macroeconomic concerns weighed on equities for most part of the year, corporate tax reduction in September has helped equity funds give moderate returns in 2019. We may see some good revival of Portfolios with booking of profit in one segment and making cautious participation in other where huge value opportunities exist. The equity market is expected to adjust within next six months with a possibility of corrections to the tune of 5 to 6% in Feb-March 2020. Systematic approach of investment in either of the Equities segment will certainly bear fruits in time to come.
Debt Market: Investor anguish over multiple credit events is justified, RBI inventions and giving much desired stimulus to markets by reducing Repo rate by 135 basis points is commendable. Gilt funds were mostly benefitted out of this act at longer ends. The year 2020 can be safely defined as year of consolidation and those who have seen some drop of returns in their portfolio will see it iron out by years end.
The mantra for 2020 is stay invested and do participate as per your risk appetite, be equity be debt.
Happy New Year

Saturday, 5 October 2019

Financial Markets @ October 2019

Season Greetings.

The RBI in its 4 th bi-monthly monetary policy statement for 2019-20 held today, reduced policy rates by 25 basis points, placing the repo rate at 5.15% with immediate effect. These decisions are in consonance with the objective of achieving the medium-term target for Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation of 4.0% within a band of +/- 2% while supporting growth.
Liquidity conditions, overall remained in surplus in August and September 2019. The path to inflation and interest rates going forward...
RBI is hopeful that several measures announced by the government over the last two months would to revive sentiment and spur domestic demand, especially private consumption. Plus, the impact of monetary policy easing since February 2019 is gradually expected to feed into the real economy and boost demand.

The new lease of life is infused into debt market with ease of payments and accounting which will be taken care of by time, going forward. The Good time to review portfolio and have allocation into short to mid-term Portfolios of AAA rated securities.
Bouncing back of Equity Market (with reduction of Corporate Tax) is no reason why market will not be falling again, yes it will be but certainly not the way the cloud of pessimism was building up. Hence good time to take advantage of slow pace of growth rate (around 5%) of economy to build up position in different equity class depending upon the time frame of investment horizon.

Happy Navratri & Happy Dushera

Tuesday, 13 August 2019

Financial Market @ August 2019

Greetings of the Season,

Post Budget and RBI credit Policy announcement, the affirmation statement deriving out is that economy growth is slowing down. Housing Finance Companies like ILFS, DHFL and many more in said league have mismatch in their Balance Sheet due to not many takers in new set of scheme /market of Real Estate. Good thing is that undermining the grieve scenario Central Govt. has initiated support to good debt through banking channels. The cut of 35 basis points only shows the strong commitment of Central Bank towards the cause.
Where-in there has been dip in demand as signal of slowing down of the economy. The positive thing is FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) data has shown positive growth. FII's withdrawal of 3500 cr from equity market is only to divert their portfolio towards debt market to the tune in excess of 6000 cr.

Investment in Selective Debt Fund is the order of the day. Equity Funds are in consideration to slowing down of economy is expected to take back seat for a while.

Long term investors to remain invested and keep participating regularly into equities as with another 5 to 8 percent of correction market should stabilize and look forward. Short term investor should avoid equity market and participate only in liquid plus categories of Fund.

Happy Investing.